Water Resource Management, basic for economic development

Water is an essential resource for all life on the planet. Of the water resources on Earth only three percent of it is fresh and two-thirds of the freshwater is locked up in ice caps and glaciers. Of the remaining one percent, a fifth is in remote, inaccessible areas and much seasonal rainfall in monsoonal deluges and floods cannot easily be used. As time advances, water is becoming scarcer and having access to clean, safe, drinking water is limited among countries. At present only about 0.08 percent of all the world’s fresh water[2] is exploited by mankind in ever increasing demand for sanitation, drinking,manufacturing, leisure and agriculture. Due to the small percentage of water remaining, optimizing the fresh water we have left from natural resources has been a continuous difficulty in several locations worldwide.

Much efforts in water resource management is directed at optimizing the use of water and in minimizing the environmental impact of water use on the natural environment. The observation of water as an integral part of the ecosystem is based on integrated water resource management, where the quantity and quality of the ecosystem help to determine the nature of the natural resources.

Successful management of any resources requires accurate knowledge of the resource available, the uses to which it may be put, the competing demands for the resource, measures to and processes to evaluate the significance and worth of competing demands and mechanisms to translate policy decisions into actions on the ground.

For water as a resource this is particularly difficult since sources of water can cross many national boundaries and the uses of water include many that are difficult to assign financial value to and may also be difficult to manage in conventional terms. Examples include depopulation group using rare species or ecosystems as excuses or the very long term value of ancient ground water reserves.

Virtual Water usage

It is essential to recognize that virtual water is cumulative. To produce one kilogram of wheat about 1 000 liters of water are needed, but for beef about 15 times as much is required.

Virtual water content: The virtual-water content of a product (a commodity, good or service) is the volume of freshwater used to produce the product, measured at the place where the product was actually produced (production-site definition). It refers to the sum of the water use in the various steps of the production chain. The virtual-water content of a product can also be defined as the volume of water that would have been required to produce the product at the place where the product is consumed (consumption-site definition). We recommend to use the production-site definition and to mention it explicitly when the consumption-site definition is used. The adjective ‘virtual’ refers to the fact that most of the water used to produce a product is not contained in the product. The real-water content of products is generally negligible if compared to the virtual-water content. [Read more at waterfootprint.org]

The majority of the water that we consume is embedded:

For Food production

  • the production of 1 kg wheat costs 1 300 L water
  • the production of 1 kg eggs costs 3 300 L water
  • the production of 1 kg broken rice costs 3 400 L water
  • the production of 1 kg beef costs 15 500 L water

For household products

Not only is there virtual water in food, but it is in various products in common use:

  • Jeans (1 kg) contain 10 850 liters of embedded virtual water
  • A cotton shirt (medium sized, 500 gram) contains 4 100 liters of water
  • A disposable diaper (75g) contains 810 liters of water
  • A bed sheet (900g) contains 9 750 liters of water
  • A new car needs 1 million liters of water to produce it

For more details about virtual water, visit:

www.virtualwater.eu

Freshwater, source of international conflicts

For Iraq, the source of water is in Turkey. The source of water for Shanghai is in Tibet. In the US, because of water engineering project in such the Imperial Valley, 90% of water is exported to California, feeding its entire population and land price sky rocketed when the water distribution projects was announced. Every drop of this clean and free energy is used for food production, industry, power generation and transportation. Engineering renewable water and its energy projects was used to lift many countries out of recession, generating jobs, generating goodwill in the long run.

The world population distribution is related to the rainfall and precipitations. Monsoons feed one half of the world population from India to South China and South East Asia.

Plan had been drown up to build series of dams on the Mekong and make it navigable during Franklin Roosevelt Legacy and repeated during JFK time. Because of the Presence of British Crown Council and its looting partners such as the French, the Australians and other puppets in the region, such large projects were frozen, but only allow slow and small scale development with very limited usage for large scale productivity, and must be agenda 21 compliance.

  • The US had planned to divert water from North to South, but stalled.
  • China had diverted water from South to North.
  • For ASEAN, freshwater is much more abundant and more advantageous for food, good production and many other usage with shorter transfer route and very strategic during this upcoming climate change period than China, Europe and US combined.

Ocean heat Currents